Since data were first collected in the EU in 2006, the year 2010 can be seen as the safest on
The data show that the positive trend continued in 2010 as there were 10% fewer fatalities
compared to the previous year. 1,256 people were killed and a further 1,236 seriously
injured on railways of 27 EU countries in 2010. Among the 1,256 fatalities reported, 60%
(750) were other party victims: unauthorized persons on railway premises. Passenger and
employee fatalities made up 5% of all persons killed on European railways, excluding
There were 2,743 suicides recorded on EU railways in 2010, comparable to the 2009 record
Overall, the 27 Member States reported 2,401 significant railway accidents that occurred
in 2010. The number of significant accidents fell in 2010 in all categories. The reduction was
most significant in the categories of derailments and other accidents. However, we should
remember that prior to 2010, the accident reporting procedures were still developing in the
Member States and several countries only adopted EU definitions in 2010.
The number of level-crossing accidents constitutes a substantial share of the total number of
accidents. Member States reported that 359 level-crossing users were killed and 327 were
seriously injured in a total of 619 accidents occurring on more than 120,000 level crossings
in the EU. Level-crossing accidents represent one fourth of all railway accidents, but their
number has halved compared to the period 2006-2007.
After a 2% drop in 2009, the traffic performance in terms of train-km was stable in 2010;
4,019 million train-km were recorded on the EU railway network. The number of
passenger-km decreased slightly to 397 billion km.
Railway safety data has been collected by the European Railway Agency since 2006 as socalled Common Safety Indicators (CSIs), which were introduced by Annex I of the Railway
Safety Directive in 2004. Member States have a legal obligation to submit their CSI data for
the preceding year to the Agency by 30 September.