Road Vehicle Lighting Regulations 1989
Mr Laurence Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will bring forward legislative proposals to amend the Road Vehicle Lighting Regulations 1989 to allow (a) registered nurses, (b) midwives, (c) ambulance first responders and (d) official first aiders to use flashing lighting when attending urgent medical cases or assisting the police; and if he will make a statement. 
Mike Penning: The Department for Transport has no plans to revise the Road Vehicle Lighting Regulations for flashing lamps.
Allowing the wider use of any restricted lighting function needs to be carefully considered as the warning they provide will become diluted if they are used too often. Ultimately this will be to the disadvantage of those who currently use them.
The lighting Regulations are also subject to the recent ‘Red Tape Challenge’ and comments submitted will be considered.
PACTS comments: The Department for Transport has launched a Red Tape Challenge asking people to comment on Regulations covering road transport. Much of the existing regulatory structure is intended to protect people from unneccessary death or injury. However, it may be the case that some regulations are out of date or could be updated to reflect changing research or circumstances. Comments on specific regulations can be made via the dedicated website. http://bit.ly/fQrSqT
Gareth Johnson: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many people have died due to dangerous driving incidents since 2009; and if he will make a statement. 
Mike Penning: The number of deaths in reported road accidents, attributed to a driver convicted of dangerous driving, is not held by the Department for Transport.
However, the Department publishes statistics on reported road accidents in Great Britain, where driver behaviour or inexperience were reported as contributing factors to the accident by the attending police officer. The latest available statistics on fatalities occurring in such accidents can be found in Table 4h (Article 4, pages 58-59) of Reported Road Casualties Great Britain: 2009. A copy has been placed in the Libraries of the House and a link is as follows:
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what date he has set for the inaugural Road Safety Day; and how much funding he plans to allocate to publicise it. 
Mike Penning: Road Safety Day is still under consideration and no decisions have been made. However, the Department will be considering how best to undertake this with other complementary initiatives next year.
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much he estimates the private sector will contribute to the THINK! road safety advertising campaign over the course of the comprehensive spending review period; and which private sector companies have agreed to provide funding to date. 
Mike Penning: The Department for Transport does not receive cash sponsorship but we do receive ‘in kind’ support from a range of organisations linking with the THINK! road safety campaign. This summer, Britvic is supporting THINK! Driver Friendly activity tackling drink driving and Infinity Motorcycles is supporting the motorcycle safety campaign. We have not finalised plans with other partners.
A233: Road Traffic
Joseph Johnson: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will estimate hourly traffic flows in both directions on the A233 in Orpington constituency (a) at peak hours and (b) at other times; and if he will make a statement. 
Mike Penning: The Department for Transport (DFT) produces traffic estimates using data from manual counts, where trained enumerators count traffic on a specific section of the road network over a 12 hour period.
Major roads, such as the A223, are represented by a series of links, which are unique sections of road. It is not possible to count every link every year; therefore the sections of road are surveyed on either an annual basis or on a cycle of every two, four or eight years.
A table providing the latest available 12 hourly data for each section of the A223 in the Orpington constituency has been deposited in the Libraries of the House.
DFT produces an estimate of the average number of vehicles passing a point in the road network on an average day of the given year (AADF).
A table providing the estimated annual average daily flows (AADFs) between 2000 and 2010 for each section of the A223 in the Orpington constituency has been deposited in the Libraries of the House. These data are not available by hourly breakdown.
A map showing the location of the three count points on the A223 in the Orpington constituency has also been deposited in the Libraries of the House.
Mr Donohoe: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport for what reason a national policy statement for aviation has not been produced. 
Mrs Villiers: The Government have made clear their position on additional runways at London’s three major airports and that their priority is therefore to create a sustainable framework for UK aviation, rather than produce a national policy statement for airports. This was set out in ‘Major infrastructure planning reform: Work plan’, published by the Department for Communities and Local Government in December 2010.
The Government issued a scoping document in March 2011 to inform the development of a sustainable framework for UK aviation which will be published for consultation in March 2012.
Caroline Lucas: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what near-miss incidents involving (a) commercial and (b) private aircraft and UK nuclear installations have been reported to his Department in each year since May 2004; and if he will place copies of the report on each incident in the Library. 
Mrs Villiers: The Air Accident Investigation Branch has not been notified of any near-miss incidents involving either commercial or private aircraft and UK nuclear installations since May 2004.
Bus Services: Finance
Andrew Gwynne: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he plans any further changes to the Bus Service Operators Grant between 2012 and 2015. 
Norman Baker: In its business plan, the Department for Transport has committed to review the future distribution of Bus Service Operators Grant by March 2012. The Department is working with bus operators and local government to look at smarter ways of delivering bus subsidy, and is keen to see what can be developed by consensus between local authorities and operators. An announcement will be made in due course.
Annette Brooke: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what the fee levels are for driver awareness courses in the six highest charging authorities; and what assessment he has made of the compliance of such fees with the requirement to charge on a non-profit basis. 
Mike Penning: The Department for Transport does not hold information concerning fee levels for driver awareness courses in the six highest charging authorities or the level of fees in relation to costs. Driver awareness courses are organised by local police forces and it would be for them to respond on this. The Department strongly supports a national framework and has been keen to encourage all police forces to participate in this, which allows motorists to take courses in their local area and should also provide greater consistency of course fees.
Nick de Bois: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether provisions are in place to prevent the purchasing of motor insurance by an individual who does not have a valid immigration status in (a) England, (b) Wales, (c) Scotland and (d) Northern Ireland. 
Mike Penning: There is no statutory requirement on motor insurers to check the immigration status of someone seeking to insure a vehicle. Insurers underwrite the risk of those they insure and there is a statutory requirement on an insurer to meet the liability where the insured has been found at fault in an accident.
EC Regulation 137/2007/EC
Tony Lloyd: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what consideration he has given to the implementation of EC Regulation 137/2007/EC on rail passengers’ rights and obligations. 
Norman Baker: Following consultation with the rail industry and passenger groups, the Government decided to maintain the decision taken in 2009 by the previous Administration to exempt domestic services from the non-core elements of the Rail Passengers’ Rights and Obligations Regulation for a period of five years up to December 2014. We believe that the marginal benefits of fully extending the pan-European regime to domestic passengers would be outweighed by the costs to Government and industry. It would also conflict with our intention to reduce regulatory burdens and with our franchise reform agenda. The UK already has a well-established regime for protecting the rights of domestic rail passengers, including by providing assistance to persons with reduced mobility and disabilities, protecting passengers in case of delay and ensuring a convenient handling of their claims in case of an accident.
Great Western Railway Line: Railway Signals
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport when he expects the proposed re-signalling of the Great Western Main Line with the European train control system to (a) begin and (b) be completed. 
Mrs Villiers: Network rail are responsible for delivering the UK’s rollout of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS).
ERTMS rollout on the Great Western main line from Paddington to Bristol is expected to commence in March 2016 and be completed by early 2018. These dates are subject to confirmation by Network Rail following detailed planning.
Level Crossings: Safety
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will review the procedures followed by (a) the Office of Rail Regulation and (b) Network Rail in implementing the safety recommendations arising from the fatalities at Elsenham level crossing in 2005. 
Mrs Villiers: There are no plans to review the operational procedures followed by the independent rail safety regulator. With regard to Network Rail’s implementation, it is a role of the Office of Rail Regulation to ensure that rail Accident Investigation Branch safety recommendations are duly taken into consideration, and where appropriate acted upon.
The Office of Rail Regulation re-opened the investigation into the accident in early 2011.
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much his Department plans to spend on campaigns to increase road safety for motorcyclists in each year of the comprehensive spending review period. 
Mike Penning: The spending review allocated £3.5 million for THINK! road safety communications in each year of the review period. Motorcycle safety remains a priority, however all communications are subject to the controls on advertising and marketing spend governed by the Efficiency and Reform Group (ERG). In 2011-12, ERG has approved expenditure of £1.12 million on the THINK! Motorcycle safety campaign. Plans for the rest of the spending review period have yet to be submitted and approved.
Tony Lloyd: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what discussions he has had with passenger rail franchise holders on steps to be taken to meet the needs of passengers with disabilities. 
Norman Baker: The Government are committed to an accessible rail system in which disabled passengers have the same opportunities to travel as other members of society, and rail franchise holders are fundamental to delivering that commitment. The Department for Transport is involved in an ongoing dialogue with the industry concerning the current situation and what further improvements may be made.
Franchise holders already have a number of specific legal obligations in relation to disabled passengers, including a requirement to produce a Disabled People’s Protection Policy which states how they will protect the interests of disabled users of their trains and stations. The Department reviews and approves these documents on an annual basis.
Mark Menzies: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what steps his Department is taking to increase the frequency of rail services in less populated areas. 
Mrs Villiers: The Department’s Community Rail Development Strategy, which seeks to make it easier for the rail industry and local communities to do more to ensure the long term health of local services, has aided innovative solutions which have led to increased rail services in some less populated areas. Local authorities are free to use funds allocated to them from the Government to enhance passenger facilities on rural lines and can fund additional services if they feel this is appropriate.
Nadine Dorries: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will bring forward proposals to increase the level of support offered to rural communities wishing to lower speed limits on roads in their area. 
Mike Penning: Local highway authorities already have control of local speed limits, and should take full account of local communities’ views in setting these limits. A key theme in the Government’s Strategic Framework for Road Safety published in May 2011 is the empowerment of local communities, including enabling the public to compare road safety performance in their local area with other similar areas. This will help communities to challenge local service providers on issues such as speed limits. Decisions on speed limits should be based upon comprehensive analysis of all the costs and benefits. The Department is intending to help local decision making through further guidance and an economic toolkit on speed limits.
Gordon Banks: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what regulations his Department introduced between 1 March 2011 and 31 May 2011; and what the estimated costs of implementation were for those affected in each case. 
Norman Baker: Between 1 March 2011 and 31 May 2011 the Department for Transport made the statutory instruments listed in the following table.
Costs and benefits, concluding with a net benefit figure, have been provided only for those measures where an impact assessment has been produced. They are total figures (transitional and annual average).
Not included in the table are temporary and local instruments, 157 of which were made by the Department in March, 64 in April and 135 in May. Of these, 324 were temporary local highways orders, 29 were temporary local flying orders, two were local highways orders and one was a local railway order. Further information about these temporary and local orders could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
|Title||SI Number||Date of making||Estimated costs and benefits of implementation (as reported in the impact assessments)|
|The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency Trading Fund (Revocation) Order 2011||630||2 March 2011||An impact assessment has not been produced for this instrument as no impact on the business or voluntary sectors or on citizens is foreseen.|
|The Air Navigation(Dangerous Goods) (Amendment) Regulations 2011||650||3 March 2011||No cost data available. No impact assessment produced for this measure.|
|The Aerodromes(Designation) (Detention and Sale of Aircraft) (England and Wales) (Amendment) Order 2011||832||16 March 2011||An impact assessment has not been prepared for this instrument as there are no costs or benefits to business.|
|The Airport Byelaws (Designation) Order 2011||828||16 March 2011||An impact assessment has not been produced for this instrument as it has no impact on the costs of business.|
|The M1 Motorway (Junctions 25 to 28) (Variable Speed Limits) Regulations 2011||909||23 March 2011||Total costs £24.1 million. Total benefits £50.8 million. Total net benefit £26.7 million (2002 price base, 2008 present value, 30 years appraisal period).|
|The Road Traffic Exemptions (Special Forces) (Variation and Amendment) Regulations 2011||935||23 March 2011||An impact assessment has not been produced for this instrument as no impact on the private or voluntary sectors is foreseen.|
|The Merchant Shipping (Ship-to-Ship Transfers) (Amendment) Regulations 2011||974||28 March 2011||An impact assessment of the effect of these Regulations has not been prepared as they do not themselves have any impact on the cost of business.|
|The Road Vehicles(Powers to Stop) Regulations 2011||996||29 March 2011||Total costs £0.59 million. Total benefits £2.88 million. Total net benefit £2.30 million (2010 present value, 2010 price base, 10 years appraisal).|
|The M1 Motorway (Junctions 6A to 10) (Variable Speed Limits) Regulations 2011||1015||30 March 2011||Total costs £13.8 million. Total benefits £53.6 million. Total net benefit £39.8 million. (2008 prices, 2008 present value, 30 years appraisal period).|
|The Traffic Signs (Amendment) Regulations and General Directions 2011||1040||30 March 2011||The impact assessment does not present any monetised costs or benefits.|
|The Road Safety Act 2006 (Commencement No.7) Order 2011||1119||12 April 2011||See entry below.|
|The Motor Vehicles (Insurance Requirements) (Immobilisation, Removal And Disposal) Regulations 2011||1120||12 April 2011||Total costs £78 million. Total benefits £380 million. Total net benefits £302 million. (2010 present value, 2010 price base, nine years appraisal period). These costs and benefits cover both the Road Safety Act 2006 (Commencement No. 7) Order 2011 and the Motor Vehicles (Insurance Requirements) (Immobilisation, Removal And Disposal) Regulations 2011. Since the implementation of the measure the total transition costs have been £8.47 million and the annual recurring costs have been revised to £4.4 million over nine years.|
|The Mandatory Travel Concession (England) Regulations 2011||1121||13 April 2011||Total costs £0.03 million. Total benefits £0.68 million. Total net benefits £0.65 million. (2010 present value and 2010 base price, 10 years appraisal period).|
|The Tractor etc (EC Type-Approval) (Amendment) Regulations 2011||1279||16 May 2011||A full impact assessment has not been prepared for this instrument as it has no impact on the costs of business or the voluntary sector.|
|The Disabled Persons (Badges for Motor Vehicles) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2011||1307||23 May 2011||Total costs £2.74 million. Total benefits £2.57 million. Total net benefits—£0.17 million (2010 present value and 2010 base price, 10 years appraisal period).|
|The Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) Harbour Revision Order 2011||1347||26 May 2011||A full regulatory assessment has not been produced for this instrument as no significant impact on the private or voluntary sectors is foreseen.|
Large Goods Vehicles
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many heavy goods vehicles in each weight category are recorded on the most recent vehicle registration database. 
Mike Penning: The following table gives the number of heavy goods vehicles registered in Great Britain that were either licensed or with a Statutory Off Road Notification (SORN) as at 31 March 2011.
|Gross weight (tonnes)||Licensed||With a SORN||Total|
|3.5t to under 7.5t||88,477||18,508||106,985|
|7.5t to under 17t||131,974||16,628||148,602|
|17t to under 25t||65,715||7,402||73,117|
|25t to under 33t||76,632||6,916||83,548|
|33t or greater||105,196||10,857||116,053|
These figures will differ slightly to statistics produced by the Department on road freight. This is because there are some vehicles registered as heavy goods vehicles that do not carry freight, including, for instance, cranes, cement mixers and some vehicles used in the building trade. These vehicles are excluded from the road freight surveys.
Motor Vehicles: Insurance
Mr Brine: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what information his Department holds on the number of uninsured drivers in Winchester constituency. 
Mike Penning: The Department for Transport does not hold any information on the number of uninsured drivers in the Winchester constituency.
The estimated number of uninsured vehicles in Great Britain is 1.4 million (4% of vehicles).
Mr Brine: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he has considered the merits of introducing a requirement of a mandatory insurance disc for motor vehicles. 
Mike Penning: The merits of an insurance windscreen disc have been considered. However, it would only show that the vehicle was insured at the point the disc was issued and not prove that it was continuously insured.
The continuous insurance enforcement scheme introduced in June allows us to identify uninsured vehicles by comparing existing information held on record, and take action, without relying on spotting the vehicle on the road.
Motor Vehicles: Testing
Mr Brine: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he has any plans to bring forward proposals to review the MOT test scheme. 
Mike Penning: I refer my hon. Friend to my answer of 17 May 2011, Official Report, column 141W, to the hon. Member for Poplar and Limehouse (Jim Fitzpatrick).
Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what the failure rate was for candidates taking the driving test for the first time in each driving test centre in the latest period for which figures are available. 
Mike Penning: A table providing information on the failure rates for candidates taking the driving test for the first time, in each driving test centre, in the financial year 2010-11 has been placed in the Libraries of the House.
Stephen Mosley: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) how many deaths have occurred on motorways in each year since 1981; 
(2) what the causes were of fatal automobile accidents on motorways in each of the last five years for which figures are available. 
Mike Penning: The number of fatalities as a result of reported personal injury road accidents on motorways in Great Britain since 1981 is shown on Table 1.
The time series on road accident fatalities since 1981 may not be a true like-for-like comparison due to growth in motorway length and associated growth in traffic. The motorway length in Great Britain increased from 2,647 km in 1981 to 3,560 km in 2010.
It is not possible to identify the cause of road accidents from data collected through STATS19. However, the Department for Transport collects statistics on contributory factors in accidents reported by the attending police officer. The reported contributory factors for fatal road accidents on motorways in Great Britain for 2005 to 2009 are shown on Table 2.
|Table 1: Reported fatalities in personal injury accidents on motorways (1) —GB—1981-2010
Number of fatalities
|Table 2: Contributory factors—Reported fatal road accidents (1) on motorways (2) —GB 2005-09|
|Contributory factors reported (3) in fatal accidents on motorways||Number||%(4)||Number||%(4)||Number||%(4)||Number||%(4)||Number||%(4)|
|Loss of control||57||37||62||41||42||30||45||36||38||37|
|Travelling too fast for conditions||23||15||19||13||13||9||11||9||11||11|
|Exceeding speed limit||22||14||14||9||11||8||7||6||9||9|
|Failed to look properly||21||13||14||9||17||12||17||14||14||14|
|Failed to judge other person’s path or speed||18||12||19||13||24||17||20||16||10||10|
|Poor turn or manoeuvre||18||12||13||9||6||4||5||4||7||7|
|Careless, reckless or in a hurry||16||10||12||8||12||9||13||10||10||10|
|Impaired by alcohol||14||9||12||8||7||5||9||7||10||10|
|Dangerous action in carriageway (eg, playing) by pedestrians||9||6||6||4||11||8||7||6||6||6|
|Following too close||9||6||12||8||6||4||3||2||6||6|
|Slippery road (due to weather)||7.||4||7||5||6||4||6||5||9||9|
|Illness or disability, mental or physical||5||3||8||5||13||9||6||5||10||10|
|Total number of accidents||156||100||152||100||140||100||125||100||103||100|
(1) Includes only accidents where a police officer attended the scene and in which a contributory factor was reported. (2) Includes motorway and A(M) roads. (3) Includes only the ten most frequently reported contributory factors for each year. Factors not shown may also have been reported. (4) Columns may not add up to 100% as accidents can have more than one contributory factor.
Roads: Repairs and Maintenance
Chris Williamson: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what progress has been made on the report commissioned by his Department into potential sources of risk to strategic transport networks from activities below roads and railways and on adjacent sites. 
Mike Penning: The recommendations within the reports compiled by both the Highways Agency and Network Rail are currently being considered by the Secretary of State for Transport, my right hon. Friend the Member for Runnymede and Weybridge (Mr Hammond).
Pedestrian Crossings: Greater London
Sadiq Khan: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many school crossing patrol officers were employed in each London borough in each year since 1988. 
Mike Penning: The Department for Transport does not hold figures for the numbers of school crossing patrol officers employed in each London borough in each year. The employment of school crossing patrol officers is a matter for local authorities.
Sadiq Khan: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many road traffic accidents involving children there have been in each London borough in each year since 1988. 
Mike Penning: The number of reported personal injury road accidents involving children (aged 0 to 15 years) in each London borough in each year since 1988 is shown in Tables 1 and 2.
|Table 1: Number of reported personal injury road accidents involving children (1) , Greater London: 1988-99|
|Number of reported personal injury accidents|
|City of London||6||16||9||8||11||7||3||7||4||8||12||4|
|Barking and Dagenham||189||176||201||160||162||131||149||145||153||162||158||138|
|Hammersmith and Fulham||106||114||108||102||100||79||99||83||83||107||76||83|
|Kensington and Chelsea||87||68||72||66||72||73||60||66||50||49||67||49|
|Kingston upon Thames||118||117||106||90||87||84||81||76||65||71||75||51|
|Richmond upon Thames||87||102||91||90||68||84||94||82||76||67||74||58|
Mr Slaughter: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans she has for the future range of offences for which a (a) fixed penalty notice and (b) penalty notice for disorder may be issued; and if she will make a statement. 
Nick Herbert: A fixed penalty notice can be issued for any offence in respect of a vehicle that has been made a fixed penalty offence by order of the Secretary of State for the Home Department. Fixed penalty offences are kept under continuous review and additions are made as appropriate. The Government’s new Strategic Framework for Road Safety issued in May proposed that the offence of careless driving should be made a fixed penalty offence. Subject to impact assessment and regulatory clearance, we expect this to come into effect in 2012.
The offences for which a PND can be issued are likewise kept under review. As set out in the Green Paper “Breaking the Cycle: Effective punishment, rehabilitation and sentencing of offenders”, the Ministry of Justice will be consulting on a limited further extension of the PND scheme. The proposed additional offences will include minor disorder offences committed in Royal Parks for which PNDs are currently not available, as well as other low-level disorder offences that may be appropriate to be dealt with by a PND.